Screenshot 2020 12 22 ORIENT ONLINE German Journal for Politics Economics and Culture of the Middle East

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Orient II / 2008











Thomas Höhne-Sparborth

Social Change in Saudi Arabia: Regime, Religion, and the People


Politically and socially, Saudi Arabia appears to be a country frozen in time. Although leaders and citizens alike now sing to the common tune of reform, the Saudi regime's authoritarianism seems to remain firmly in place. Nevertheless, this paper argues that the royal family may be more favourably disposed to social change than previously assumed, because Wahhabism's exclusivist message has in fact become less of an asset and more of a liability to the regime. However, this social change will have to come through a slow-pace, bottom-up process.


Saudi Arabia, Wahhabism, Reform, Social Change, Authoritarianism, Social Pluralism


Weiterlesen: Orient II / 2008

ORIENT I / 2008

Foucs: Nuclear Proliferation and the Near and Middle East












Dr. Gawdat Bahgat

Nuclear Arms Race in the Middle East: A Myth or a Reality?


The essay seeks to address the concern over whether a possible Iranian nuclear program will trigger a regional nuclear arms race. At first the author briefly discusses some theoretical perspectives on nuclear proliferation and how they apply to the Middle East. This is followed by a close examination of two case studies – Egypt and Saudi Arabia. In the final section, the conclusion is drawn that an Iran with nuclear weapons capability is likely to further destabilize the Middle East but is not likely to ignite a regional nuclear arms race.


Iran, Nuclear Weapons, Balance of Power, Regional Powers, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Nuclear Proliferation


Weiterlesen: ORIENT I / 2008

ORIENT IV / 2007










Dr. Christian Koch

The Changing International Relations of the Gulf Region



This paper provides an analysis of the security situation in the Gulf region and particular the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). It argues that the region is about to face an era of strategic insecurity and that the regional security architecture that had been constructed by the British in the 20th century and then embellished by the United States will come to an end. Instead the author forecasts a broader international involvement in the Gulf region, i.e. an inclusion of European and Asian powers as relevant external actors in terms of the security arrangements of the region.


Gulf Region, GCC, Security, Strategic Studies, International Relations, USA, Energy Security, Oil, Iran, Conflict


Weiterlesen: ORIENT IV / 2007

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Die Deutsche Orient-Stiftung (DOS) ist die älteste privatwissenschaftliche Forschungseinrichtung zum Nahen und Mittleren Osten in Europa.


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